Archive for category GPS Logger

GPS Logger VIII – What happened?

So over two years ago I set out to build a GPS Logger to take hiking and traveling. Everything was assembled and it was good to go (almost) and hasn’t moved from that state. Driving around Australia for 2 years and then taking off around the world has a way of putting a cramp in finishing projects.
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GPS Logger VII – Componets and Assembly

Finally the components arrived. The next step was to check them against a printout of the PCB to ensure that all the footprints matched up. I had already checked that the printout was a 1:1 scale of the PCB artwork.

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GPS Logger VI – PCB Layout and Case

Progress has been made on the GPS Logger over the last month. A sutiable case for the project was purchased, components ordered from Mouser and the circuit board designed. Once the component footprints have been checked off the design will be sent to BatchPCB for manufacture.

PCB Artwork for the GPS Logger

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GPS Logger V – Full hardware

Having determined the battery and power requirements, a full schematic of the GPS logger was made. Buck regulators and Li-Ion battery chargers were investigated from a variety of manufacturers. The TC105 3.3V Buck regulator and the MCP73863 4.2V Li-Ion battery charger, both from Microchip, were chosen to provide the power needs for the project. The circuit is capable of detecting if a USB port is a Charging Port and adjusting the battery charge current to suit.

GPS Logger Schematic implementing battery charging and USB Charger Port Detection

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GPS Logger IV – Power and Batteries

The prototype is at the stage of being able to successfully achieve GPS lock, log the received coordinates, waypoints and go to sleep. The power usage of the system needed to be analysed in order to specify the battery requirements. The current draw was monitored after the 3.3V regulator as the device was put into its various modes.

Looking at the current draw of the PIC, SD Card and GPS receiver Read the rest of this entry »

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GPS Logger III – NMEA Processing

The GPS Logger is currently able to access files and directories on a FAT16 filesystem, contained on a SD card. This post covers processing NMEA with a finite state machine and some of the problems encountered so far with the logger. Read the rest of this entry »

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GPS Logger II – GPS Interfacing

The system is now up and running. It is capable of communicating with the GPS receiver to get it into a known protocol (NMEA) and baud rate from an arbitrary starting configuration. I had to determine the pinout for the receiver as it was a USB GPS receiver. A check with the multimeter quickly identified the pinout of the four wires, TX was easy to spot as it was a constantly changing voltage whereas RX only changed when a command was sent. Once the prototyping is finished the USB receiver will be restored to its former glory. A few challenges were involved in figuring out the receivers startup configuration. It looks like at reset it outputs NMEA at 4800 baud but expects to receive NMEA configuration commands at 9600. This ‘interesting’ configuration was overcome by sending NMEA and SiRF configuration commands to the receiver at all supported baud rates. Read the rest of this entry »

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Building a GPS Logger

I like hiking, its a good excuse for getting outside, exploring the countryside, getting fit and having fun. While I can remember the places I’ve been and have photos as well, I would like to be able to record more information about the hike and be able to display the route taken in mapping applications. I have previously used a Laptop and USB GPS receiver in the car to record camping trips, however this is impractical when hiking as weight is an issue and the laptop battery only lasts a few hours. Read the rest of this entry »

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